German measles vaccine: A vaccine designed to prevent rubella, or German measles.
German measles was once seen merely as a child’s unpleasant rite of passage. It was thought to be a mild malady that was usually over and done in three days. So what?
Then an outbreak of rubella began in 1964. It lasted two years and infected more than 12 million people in the US alone. The epidemic affected some 20,000 American children, who were born deaf, mentally retarded or otherwise disabled because their mothers had rubella during pregnancy.
This disaster led to a campaign at NIH (the National Institutes of Health) to find a vaccine for rubella. Dr. Harry Martin Meyer, Jr. directed the effort, with Dr. Paul D. Parkman. Working rapidly, they introduced the first rubella vaccine in 1966, assuring safe and lasting immunity at low cost. Hank Meyer and Paul Parkman also devised a test to measure a person’s immunity to rubella.
The rubella vaccine has since been refined into the vaccine now known as MMR for mumps, measles and rubella. The congenital rubella syndrome is now largely a chapter in the history of medicine, thanks to the rubella vaccine.
- German measles immunization
German measles immunization: The standard MMR vaccine is given to prevent measles, mumps and rubella (German measles). The MMR vaccine is now given in two dosages. The first should be given at 12-15 months of age. The second vaccination should be given at 4-6 years. Most children should receive MMR vaccinations. Exceptions may include children […]
Germanium: A nonessential trace element that has caused nephrotoxicity (kidney injury) and death when used chronically by humans, even at recommended levels of use. The U.S. Food & Drug Administration (the FDA) warns that products containing germanium have been “labeled for drug use (e.g., with claims that they are intended for use in the diagnosis, […]
Germinoma: A rare cancer of the germ cells (the tissue that normally differentiates to become the eggs or sperm cells).
- GB virus C
GB virus C: A virus first identified in 1995 that is genetically related to the hepatitis C virus but which does not cause hepatitis and, in fact, is not known to be responsible for any disease. Infection with GB virus C (GBV-C) is beneficial to HIV-infected patients. They enjoy longer survival if they are coinfected […]
Accoucheur: A male obstetrician. An accoucheuse is a woman obstetrician, or sometimes a midwife.