Involvement of the large intestine (colon) only is called Crohn’s colitis or granulomatous colitis, while involvement of the small intestine alone is called Crohn’s enteritis. The most common part of the small intestine to be affected by Crohn’s disease is the last portion, called the ileum. Active disease in this area is termed Crohn’s ileitis. When both the small intestine and the large intestine are involved, the condition is called Crohn’s enterocolitis (or ileocolitis). Other descriptive terms may be used as well.
Abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and weight loss can be symptoms. Crohn’s disease can be associated with reddish tender skin nodules, and inflammation of the joints, spine, eyes, and liver. Diagnosis is commonly made by x-ray or colonoscopy. Treatment includes medications that are anti-inflammatories, immune suppressors, or antibiotics. Surgery can be necessary in severe cases.
Crohn’s disease is an area of active research around the world and new treatment approaches are being investigated which have promise to improve the lives of affected patients.
- Grapefruit diet
The Grapefruit diet is a weight loss plan that incorporates eating half a grapefruit with each meal and following a severely restrictive low-calorie diet. Like many other “fad” diets, rumors have circulated that this diet is associated with a major medical center, but this is untrue. The grapefruit diet has not been recommended by medical […]
- Graves' disease
Hyperthyroidism (the presence of too much thyroid hormone), Ophthalmopathy specifically involving exophthalmos (protrusion of the eyeballs), Dermopathy with skin lesions. Take the Ankylosing Spondylitis Quiz Myths and Facts About Back Pain The ophthalmopathy can cause sensitivity to light and a feeling of “sand in the eyes.” With further protrusion of the eyes, double vision and […]
Milligray. Gray is, of course, also a hue between black and white.
- Gray baby syndrome
A syndrome due to toxicity of the antibiotic chloramphenicol in the newborn, especially the premature newborn, because of lack the necessary liver enzymes to metabolize this drug. Chloramphenicol accumulates in the baby, causing hypotension (low blood pressure), cyanosis (blue coloring of lips, nail beds, and skin from lack of oxygen in the blood), and often […]
- Gray matter
The cortex of the brain, which contains nerve cell bodies. The gray matter is so named because it is darker than the white matter, the part of the brain that contains myelinated nerve fibers.