A syndrome involving a constellation of illnesses experienced by 5,000 to 80,000 American veterans who were in the Gulf War. (The Veterans Administration considers those who served between August 2, 1990 and July 31, 1991 as “Gulf War Conflict” veterans.) Causes of Gulf War Syndrome are not yet well understood. Symptoms include fatigue, headache, muscle and/or joint pain, gastrointestinal complaints, neurological problems, and possibly tumors.
The esophagus. The words esophagus and gullet differ in origin. Esophagus comes from the Greek whereas gullet is a diminutive of the Latin gula meaning throat. The idea was that the esophagus, being narrower than the throat, was the little throat.
- Gum disease
Inflammation of the soft tissue (gingiva) and abnormal loss of bone that surrounds the teeth and holds them in place. Gum disease is caused by toxins secreted by bacteria in “plaque” that accumulate over time along the gum line. This plaque is a mixture of food, saliva, and bacteria. Early symptoms of gum disease include […]
- Gustavson syndrome
A disorder first reported in 1999 by Gustavson and colleagues as a new X-linked mental retardation syndrome. In the family they studied there were 7 male children in 2 generations with the syndrome. The affected males were genealogically connected through females who were presumed to be carriers of the gene responsible for the syndrome. In […]
- Gustatory sweating
the lotion was applied to the skin of the forehead and face, sparing the eyes and mouth. See also Frey syndrome, diabetes.
- Guthrie test
A simple screening blood test for phenylketonuria (PKU). The Guthrie test was the original impetus to newborn metabolic screening. In 1958-59 Dr. Robert Guthrie (1916-95) was asked if he might to develop a simple method to monitor the blood phenylalanine (phe) level. He developed a test in 3 days. It was a “bacterial inhibition assay.” […]