An infection caught while hospitalized. The medical term for a hospital-acquired infection is nosocomial. Most nosocomial infections are due to bacteria. Since antibiotics are frequently used within hospitals, the types of bacteria and their resistance to antibiotics is different than bacteria outside of the hospital. Nosocomial infections can be serious and difficult to treat.
A nosocomial infection is strictly and specifically an infection “not present or incubating prior to admittance to the hospital, but generally occurring 48 hours after admittance.”
The word “nosocomial” is made up of two Greek words. The prefix “noso-” comes from “nosus” meaning disease and “-comial” comes from “komeion” meaning to take care of. Nosocomial could therefore refer to any affliction acquired by a patient while under medical supervision, but it doesn’t. It now refers more narrowly to a hospital-acquired infection.
A hospital-based general physician. Hospitalists assume the care of hospitalized patients in the place of patients’ primary care physicians. In the most prevalent US model of hospitalist care, several physicians practice together as a group and work full time to care for inpatients.
1. The organism from which a parasite obtains its nutrition and/or shelter. 2. An organism or cell culture in which a virus can replicate itself. 3. The transplant recipient of a tissue or organ graft.
- Hot flashes
A sudden wave of mild or intense body heat caused by rushes of hormonal changes resulting from decreased levels of estrogen. Hot flashes can occur at any time and may last from a few seconds to a half-hour. They are due to blood vessel opening and constricting and a symptom of menopause. Hot flashes are […]
A name often given to a hospital in France during the Middle Ages. Hotel-Dieu literally means the hotel (of) God. In Paris, the Hôtel-Dieu is a venerable and famed hospital. A hospital can also be a place to take care of inanimate objects and serve as a “repair shop for specified small objects” such as, […]
1. Godfrey Hounsfield, a key contributor to the creation of the CAT scanner. 2. The unit measuring the brightness of images that appear on a CAT scanner.