A hybrid cell used as the basis for the production of antibodies in large amounts for diagnostic or therapeutic use. Hybridomas are produced by injecting a specific antigen into a mouse, collecting an antibody-producing cell from the mouse’s spleen, and fusing it with a tumor cell called a myeloma cell. The hybridoma cells multiply indefinitely in the laboratory and can be used to produce a specific antibody indefinitely.
- Hydatidiform mole
A tumor that forms in the uterus as a mass of cysts resembling a bunch of grapes. Hydatidiform moles occur during the childbearing years, and they do not spread outside the uterus. However, a malignancy called choriocarcinoma may start from a hydatidiform mole. In its early stages, a hydatidiform mole may look like a normal […]
A condition in which the cerebral hemispheres of the brain are absent and replaced by sacs filled with cerebrospinal fluid. Usually the cerebellum and brainstem are formed normally. An infant with hydranencephaly may appear normal at birth. The infant’s head size and spontaneous reflexes such as sucking, swallowing, crying, and moving the arms and legs […]
Hydrazine sulfate, an alternative medicine that has been claimed to be a treatment for cancer. It has been used as a first-line agent in cancer therapy and as a treatment for cancer-related anorexia (loss of appetite) and cachexia (loss of muscle mass and body weight). The results from a scientific standpoint have been inconclusive. The […]
An organic compound composed exclusively of hydrogen and carbon. All hydrocarbons have a carbon backbone with atoms of hydrogen attached to that backbone.
Accumulation of fluid in the coat around the testis. Small hydroceles tend to disappear by 1 year of age. Larger hydroceles may persist and warrant surgery.