A surgical treatment for patients with advanced emphysema in which the volume of the emphysematous lung is reduced by wedge excision to allow the remaining tissue to expand more fully and restore some of the patient’s breathing capacity. Also called reduction pneumoplasty or bilateral pneumectomy.
When this surgery is successful, there is improvement in lung function, exercise capacity, and the quality of life. However, the surgical mortality rate is appreciable (4% to 15%, according to the particular study). In a meticulous study, the National Emphysema Treatment Trial Research Group found that lung reduction surgery is detrimental to patients with the most severe emphysema — those with severe injury to blood vessels of the lung and those with emphysema distributed uniformly throughout their lungs.
- Lung transplant
The first lung transplant was done by the American surgeon James Hardy (1918-) in 1964.
- Lung, and Blood Institute, National Heart,
One of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S., the NHLBI’s mission is to “provide leadership for a national research program in diseases of the heart, blood vessels, lungs, and blood and in transfusion medicine through support of innovative basic, clinical, and population-based and health education research.”
- Lung, collapsed
Failure of full expansion of a once fully expanded lung. Medically called atelectasis. The word comes from the Greek “a-” (without) “telos” (complete) + “rectasis” (expansion) = without complete expansion.
The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon dioxide from and bring oxygen to the blood. There is a right and left lung.
1. The crescent-shaped area at the base of a fingernail or toenail. 2. Any small crescent- or moon-shaped area or structure. Lunula is the diminuitive of the Latin luna, the moon. Also called the lunule.