The most dangerous type of malaria, which is caused by the parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Falciparum malaria is associated with high levels of parasites in the blood and has the highest death rate and rate of complications of all types of malaria. Red blood cells that are infected with the parasite tend to sludge and lead to microinfarctions (tiny areas of dead tissue due to lack of oxygen) in capillaries in the brain, liver, adrenal gland, intestinal tract, kidneys, lungs, and other organs. Patients should be treated in a hospital setting, using intravenous medications.
- Malaria, pregnancy-associated
Someone who is versed in or engaged in the study of malaria. “Independent malariologists believe it kills two million people a year, mainly children under 5 and 90 percent of them in Africa.” (Tina Rosenberg, writing in The New York Times, April 11, 2004)
The study of malaria. Someone who is versed in malariology is a malariologist.
- Malattia leventinese
An hereditary form of macular degeneration that results in progressive and irreversible visual loss. This disease is characterized by the appearance in early adulthood of small round white spots (drusen), particularly in the macula of the retina, which progress to form a honeycomb pattern. Malattia leventinese is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. The disease […]
The sex that produces spermatozoa.