Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery degrees, which are awarded in the U.K. and other countries (such as New Zealand and South Africa) after 5 years of what is analogous to a combined undergraduate-graduate course of study. As a rule, the first two years of the program leading to the MBChB are designed to provide students with the foundation knowledge and skills that are required prior to their hospital experience which occupy years 3 to 5.
- MCAD deficiency
hypoglycemia (Low blood sugar), vomiting, lethargy, encephalopathy (brain disease), respiratory arrest, hepatomegaly (enlarged liver), seizures, apnea, cardiac arrest, coma, and sudden death. Long-term outcomes may include developmental and behavioral disability, chronic muscle weakness, failure to thrive, cerebral palsy, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A precipitating factor is needed for clinical symptoms to present. It […]
- McArdle disease
Glycogen storage disease type V and the most common type of glycogen storage disease. McArdle disease is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the gene that encodes myophosphorylase, an enzyme that is essential for glycogenolysis. Exercise intolerance usually develops during childhood, along with pain, cramps, and fatigue in exercised muscle. These symptoms are […]
The Medical College Admissions Test, a test that is required of all applicants to medical school in the U.S. and Canada. The MCAT is “a standardized test used to assess applicants’ science knowledge, reasoning, and communication and writing skills.” The MCAT is administered by the Association of American Medical Colleges.
- McBurney's point
McBurney’s point is the most tender area of the abdomen of patients in the early stage of appendicitis. McBurney’s point is named after the 19th-century New York surgeon Charles McBurney (1845-1913) who was the leading authority in his day on the diagnosis and treatment of appendicitis. Dr. McBurney in 1889 showed that incipient appendicitis could […]
- McClintock, Barbara
(1902-1992) American geneticist who won the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her discovery of genetic transposition, or the ability of genes to change position on the chromosome. Barbara McClintock was born in Hartford, Connecticut. Her family moved to Brooklyn, New York, in 1908. McClintock earned her B.S. and M.S. degrees in botany […]