The formation of the myelin sheath around a nerve fiber. Also known as myelination.
Inflammation of the spinal cord, such as from infection or immune inflammation.
- Myelitis, transverse
herpes simplex, herpes zoster, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, enteroviruses (poliomyelitis, Coxsackie virus, echovirus), human T-cell leukemia virus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), influenza, measles, and rabies, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Lyme borreliosis, syphilis, and tuberculosis. There is no specific treatment for transverse myelitis. The prognosis for complete recovery from transverse myelitis is generally not good. Although recovery usually begins […]
- Myelodysplastic syndrome
One of a group of disorders characterized by abnormal development of one or more of the cell lines that are normally found in the bone marrow. Patients can develop a variety of symptoms related to anemia, low or high white blood cell count, infections, and bleeding problems. Myelodysplastic syndrome may progress and become acute leukemia. […]
Inflammation of both the spinal cord and the brain. Myeloencephalitis (also called encephalomyelitis) can be caused by a variety of conditions that lead to inflammation of the spinal cord and brain. Among the common causes of myeloencephalitis are viruses which infect the nervous system. One type, acute disseminated myeloencephalitis, occurs most commonly after an acute […]
Referring to the nonlymphocytic groups of white blood cells, including the granulocytes, monocytes and platelets. Synonymous with myeloid. Acute myelogenous leukemia is therefore also known as acute myeloid leukemia.