A sleep disorder in which odd or dangerous events occur that intrude on sleep. The parasomnias include sleep talking, sleepwalking (somnambulism), sleep terrors, REM behavior disorder, and nocturnal dissociative disorder.
Sleep talking may range from a word or two to an entire speech of which the sleep talker has no recollection; it is harmless. Sleepwalking involves nocturnal trips, tends to occur in children and can run in families. Sleep terrors are like severe nightmares but with intense fear often accompanied by screaming and fighting. Fifteen per cent of children experience night terrors after general anesthesia, occurring anywhere up to 2 weeks after surgery. They appear to be awake but are actually in a deep sleep and will not respond to shaking or being talked to. REM behavior disorder involves acting out dreams during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep; it is most common in older men (who usually can recall the dreams) and treatment is with an antidepressant or tranquillizer. Nocturnal dissociative disorder is a condition in which people leave bed and re-enact episodes of sexual or physical abuse.
Located near or alongside of the spleen. This is a term defining an anatomic position The spleen is an organ located in the upper left part of the abdomen the stomach. The spleen produces lymphocytes, filters blood, serves as a major reservoir for blood and destroys blood cells that are aged. The prefix “para-” comes […]
An apparent attempt at suicide, commonly called a suicidal gesture, in which the aim is not death. For example, a sublethal drug overdose or wrist slash. Previous parasuicide is a predictor of suicide. The increased risk of subsequent suicide persists without decline for at least two decades.
- Parasympathetic nervous system
The part of the involuntary nervous system that serves to slow the heart rate, increase intestinal and glandular activity, and relax the sphincter muscles. The parasympathetic nervous system, together with the sympathetic nervous system, constitutes the autonomic nervous system.
A hormone that is made by the parathyroid glands and is critical to maintaining calcium and phosphorus balance. Deficiency of parathormone results in abnormally low calcium in the blood (hypocalcemia). Excessive parathormone leads to elevated calcium levels in the blood and calcium deposition in cartilage. Also known as parathyroid hormone and parathyrin.