A syndrome characterized by multiple malformations, commonly including scalp defects, hemangiomas (blood vessel malformations) of the face and nape of the neck, cleft lip and palate, malformations of the heart and abdominal organs, and flexed fingers with extra digits. Patients with Patau syndrome are also profoundly mentally retarded. This syndrome is due to the presence of an extra chromosome 13 (trisomy 13). The majority of trisomy 13 babies die soon after birth or in infancy. Also known as trisomy 13 syndrome.
The kneecap by another name, the patella is the small bone that is in the front of the knee. The patella is a sesamoid bone, a little bone (sesamoid = like a sesame seed) that is embedded in a joint capsule or tendon, in this case the tendon of insertion of the quadriceps muscle (the […]
Pertaining to the patella (kneecap).
- Patellar tendon
A tendon that extends down from the quadriceps muscle in the thigh to incorporate the patella (the kneecap) and attach it to the tibia (the shinbone), providing extension at the knee joint. The patellar tendon is also called the patellar ligament because it connects the patella to the tibia. (Ligaments connect bones while tendons connect […]
- Patellar tendonitis
A common injury to the patellar tendon. Also called patellar tendonopathy or jumper’s knee because it often occurs in basketball and volleyball and other high impact sports. There may be sudden aching and pain with subsequent swelling just below the kneecap and the knee may feel weak. Treatment includes rest, ice, and medications to relieve […]
An operation to remove a shattered patella.