A technique for removing large and/or dense stones and staghorn stones.
PNL is done via a port created by puncturing the kidney through the skin and enlarging the access port to 1 cm (about 3/8 inch) in diameter. There is no surgical incision.
PNL is done under anesthesia and real-time live x-ray control (fluoroscopy). Because x-rays are involved, a super-specialist in radiology (an interventional radiologist) may perform this part of the procedure.
The urologist (an endourologist, another super-specialist) then inserts instruments via this port into the kidney to break up the stone and remove most of the debris from the stone.
- Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
Cholangiography, percutaneous transhepatic.
- Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
The use of a balloon-tipped catheter to enlarge a narrowed coronary artery. Abbreviated PTCA.
The male head of the family; the father figure. Paterfamilias is the Latin for father of the household. It is compounded from pater (father) + familias, which comes from familia (household), from famulus (servant, slave). The feminine counterpart is the materfamilias.
1. Pertaining to the father as, for example, a paternal age effect. 2. Related through the father as, for example, the paternal grandparents. 3. Inherited from the father as, for example, the paternal X chromosome.
- Patent urachus
A surgery to repair a bladder defect. In an open (patent) urachus, there is an opening between the bladder and the umbilicus. The opening usually closes before birth. An open urachus typically occurs in infants. Failure for the lumen of the urachus to be filled in leaves a patent (open) urachus. The telltale sign is […]