An extraordinary genetic syndrome that is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and affects both males and females but with a dramatic difference. Affected males and females both have moderate to severe deafness but only affected females have gonadal dysgenesis. They have streak gonads in place of their ovaries and they consequently have primary amenorrhea (never menstruate) and are infertile.
The syndrome was first described by Perrault et al. in 1951. The gene for the syndrome has not yet been identified.
Perrault syndrome is also called XX gonadal dysgenesis with sensorineural deafness.
- Perry syndrome
A familial form of Parkinson disease together with depression, weight loss and central hypoventilation in which there is failure of the normal control by the central nervous system over breathing. Perry syndrome is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.
- Persantine thallium scan
A type of myocardial perfusion scan done to disclose any areas of the heart muscle that may not be getting enough blood to perfuse them properly. Persantine (Dipyridamole) is a medication that dilates (widens) the coronary arteries. It produces an effect similar to what happens when one exercises. The sestamibi scan with Persantine is basically […]
- Personality disorder
Multiple personality disorder; Passive-aggressive personality disorder; and Schizotypal personality disorder.
- Personality disorder, borderline
A serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal relationships, self-image, and behavior. This instability often disrupts family and work life, long-term planning, and the individual’s sense of self-identity. Originally thought to be at the “borderline” of psychosis, people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) suffer from a disorder of emotion regulation. While less […]
the removal of waste products such as urea and ammonia, and cooling of the body temperature as sweat evaporates. 2) The transparent, colorless, acidic fluid secreted by the sweat glands. It contains some fatty acids and mineral matter. Adult perspiration gains its characteristic odor from the waste products excreted. Also known as sweat.