oral polio vaccine (OPV) and inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). OPV was formerly recommended for children in the US but was shown to actually cause polio in extremely rare cases and is no longer recommended. IPV is given as a shot in the arm or leg.
- Polio vaccine, inactivated
A vaccine that is made from a suspension of poliovirus types that are inactivated (killed) with formalin. Abbreviated IPV. IPV is given by injection. polio vaccine, killed See polio vaccine, inactivated.
- Polio vaccine, killed
Polio vaccine, inactivated.
- Polio vaccine, oral
A vaccine that contains live attenuated (weakened) poliovirus. Abbreviated OPV.
- Polio vaccine, Sabin
The oral polio vaccine (OPV) developed by the Polish-born American microbiologist Albert Sabin (1906-93).
- Polio vaccine, Salk
See polio vaccine, inactivated.