A condition in pregnancy characterized by abrupt hypertension (a sharp rise in blood pressure), albuminuria (leakage of large amounts of the protein albumin into the urine) and edema (swelling) of the hands, feet, and face. Preeclampsia is the most common complication of pregnancy. It affects about 5% of pregnancies. It occurs in the third trimester (the last third) of pregnancy.
Preeclampsia occurs most frequently in first pregnancies. It is more common in women who have diabetes or who are carrying twins. Some women seem to have a strong tendency to develop the disease and suffer from preeclampsia with every pregnancy. Preeclampsia is more common in daughters of women who have been affected; in many cases the disease tends to run in families.
Preeclampsia can be a sign of serious problems. It may, for example, indicate that the placenta is detaching from the uterus. In some cases, untreated preeclampsia can progress to eclampsia, a life-threatening situation for both mother and fetus characterized by coma and seizures.
Treatment is by bed rest and sometimes medication. If that treatment is ineffective, the induction of labor and delivery or a C-section may have to be considered. Preeclampsia always resolves a short time after the baby is born.
Preeclampsia is sometimes written pre-eclampsia. Preeclampsia was referred to as toxemia or toxic pregnancy.
Short slang for a premature baby. A preterm infant. Also spelled premie.
In cardiology, the premature activation of part of the ventricle due to transmission of impulses along an accessory pathway that is not subject to the normal delay at the atrioventricular node. Preexcitation is sometimes used as a synonym for the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome but preexcitation can also refer to other conditions such as the Lown-Ganong-Levine syndrome […]
- Prefixes, medical
transfusion, transplant, transurethral, transvaginal, etc.
the mother’s first perception of fetal movement. It is in the first trimester that some women experience “morning sickness,” a form of nausea on awaking that usually passes within an hour. The breasts also begin to prepare for nursing, and painful soreness from hardening milk glands may result. As the pregnancy progresses, the mother may […]
- Pregnancy calendar
A pregnancy calendar is a chronological depiction of developmental changes in a pregnant woman and her embryo/fetus during the 40-week pregnancy. Pregnancy calendars usually describe fetal development and growth besides changes in the mother’s body at weekly intervals. The calendar is calculated based upon the date of the woman’s last menstrual period (LMP) and include […]