Primary tumor

A tumor that is at the original site where it first arose. For example, a primary brain tumor is one that arose in the brain as opposed to one that arose elsewhere and metastasized (spread) to the brain. The original tumor is sometimes called “the primary.”

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  • Primitive neuroectodermal tumor

    Ewing tumor of bone; extraosseus Ewing tumor (tumor growing outside of the bone); primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), also known as peripheral neuroepithelioma; and Askin tumor (PNET of the chest wall).

  • Primordium

    In embryology, organ or tissue in its earliest recognizable stage of development. Take, for example, the thyroid primordium. The plural is primordia. Borrowed directly from the Latin primordium (to begin), derived from the Latin words primus (first) + ordiri (to begin). Known also as the anlage or rudiment.

  • Primum non nocere

    The Latin words for medical slogan “First do no harm,” a fundamental medical precept of Hippocrates (ca. 460-ca.377 B.C.).

  • Principal investigator

    In biomedical research, the person who directs a research project or program. The principal investigator (the PI) usually writes and submits the grant application, oversees the scientific and technical aspects of the grant, and has responsibility for the management of the research.

  • Principal joints of the body

    acromioclavicular ankle (tibia-fibula and talus) atlantoaxial atlantooccipital calcaneocuboid carpometacarpal elbow (humerus, radius, and ulna) femur and tibia hip bone and femur intercarpal (proximal carpal, distal carpal, and the two rows of carpal bones with each other) intermetacarpals intermetatarsals interphalangeal intervertebral joints knee (femur, tibia, and patella) manubristernal metacarpophalangeal metatarsophalangeal radioulnar ribs, heads of ribs, tubercles […]

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