A parasitic single-celled organism that can divide only within a host organism. For example, malaria is caused by the protozoa Plasmodium.
Toward the beginning, the nearer of two (or more) items. For example, the proximal end of the femur is part of the hip joint, and the shoulder is proximal to the elbow. The opposite of proximal is distal. For a more complete listing of terms used in medicine for spatial orientation, please see the entry […]
- Proximal white subungual onychomycosis
The rarest form of fungus infection of the finger or toenail. (Fungus infection of the finger or toenail is also called onychomycosis.) The infection begins in the nail fold (the portion of the nail opposite the tip of the finger). Proximal white subungual onychomycosis is typically associated with HIV infection (AIDS), though it can follow […]
- Proxy, health care
An advance medical directive in the form of a legal document that designates another person (a proxy) to make health care decisions in case a person is rendered incapable of making his or her wishes known. The health care proxy has, in essence, the same rights to request or refuse treatment that the person would […]
- Prune belly syndrome
“In the summer of 1897 a case of remarkable distension of the abdomen was admitted to the wards, with greatly distended bladder, and on my return in September, Dr. Futcher, knowing that I would be interested in it, sent for the child.” There is also a form of abdominal muscle deficiency that is associated with […]
Itchy. For example, a scab may be ‘pruritic.