Better known as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). A dementing disease of the brain.
CJD is believed to be due to a highly unconventional transmissible agent named a prion. It is not a bacteria, not a virus, in fact not like any other known type of infectious agent.
Symptoms of CJD include forgetfulness, nervousness, jerky trembling hand movements, unsteady gait, muscle spasms, chronic dementia, balance disorder, and loss of facial expression.
CJD is classified as a spongiform encephalopathy. Most cases occur randomly (sporadically), but inherited forms exist.
There is neither cure nor treatment available for CJD. Other names for CJD include Creutzfeldt-Jakob syndrome and Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease.
Synonymous with Roseola infantum, a viral disease of infants sudden onset of high fever which lasts several and young children with days and then suddenly subsides leaving in its wake a fine red rash. The causative agent is herpesvirus type 6 so the disease is known as Sixth Disease. Also as Exanthem subitum (sudden rash), […]
- Pseudotumor cerebri
Increased pressure within the brain in the absence of a tumor. Pseudotumor cerebri can cause headache, ringing in the ears, double vision, loss of visual accuracy, and even complete blindness. It is most common in obese woman of childbearing age. Although its cause is usually not known, pseudotumor cerebri is sometimes linked to use of […]
- Pseudoxanthoma elasticum
(Abbreviated PXE). A genetic disorder characterized by degeneration of elastic fibers and tiny areas of calcification in the skin, back of the eyes (retinae), and blood vessels. PXE can be inherited as an autosomal dominant or recessive trait and can occur sporadically in the absence of a family history of the disease. Small yellow-white raised […]
Two muscles of the lower back. There are two psoas muscles on each side of the back. The larger of the two is called the psoas major and the smaller the psoas minor. The psoas major originates at the spine, around the bottom of the rib cage, and runs down to the thighbone (the femur). […]
Any of a number of drugs and other substances containing chemicals that react with ultraviolet (UV) light to cause darkening of the skin.