In percutaneous umbilical blood sampling, a needle is inserted through the mother’s abdominal wall and uterine wall. Blood can be withdrawn from the umbilical vein at the point where the umbilical cord inserts (goes) into the placenta. Blood may also be taken from the umbilical vein on its way to the fetal liver. percutaneous umbilical blood sampling is a technique used both for prenatal diagnosis and prenatal treatment of the fetus.
- Puerperal fever
“Puerperal fever is caused by conveyance to the pregnant woman of putrid particles derived from living organisms, through the agency of the examining fingers……. Consequently must I make my confession that God only knows the number of women whom I have consigned prematurely to the grave.”
The time immediately after the delivery of a baby. (In Latin a “puerpera” is a woman in childbirth since “puer” means child and “parere” means to give birth.) Puerperal fever is childbirth (or childbed) fever due to an infection usually of the placental site within the uterus. If that infection involves the bloodstream, it constitutes […]
Having to do with the lungs.
- Pulmonary acinus
The ending of a tiny airway in the lung, where the alveoli (air sacs) are located. In anatomy, an acinus is a round cluster of cells, usually epithelial cells, that looks somewhat like a knobby berry. The word “acinus” means “berry” in Latin. (The plural is “acini”.) There are also acini, round clusters of epithelial […]
- Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis
Congenital pulmonary alveolar proteinosis — caused by mutations in the genes encoding surfactant protein B or C or the C chain of the receptor for granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Treatment is supportive. Lung transplantation has been reported to be successful. Secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis — due to impairment of macrophages in the lungs, secondary to […]