A process in which one substance is transformed into another. Thousands of different types of chemical reactions occur in the body and are essential to its structure and function.
- Reaction, desmoplastic
This term refers to the growth of fibrous or connective tissue. Some tumors elicit a desmoplastic reaction, the pervasive growth of dense fibrous tissue around the tumor. Scar tissue (adhesion) within the abdomen after abdominal surgery is another type of desmoplastic reaction. “Desmo-” comes from the Greek “desmos” meaning “a fetter or band” and “-plastic” […]
- Reactive arthritis
(1) inflamed joints; (2) inflammation of the eyes (conjunctivitis); and (3) inflammation of the genital, urinary or gastrointestinal system. Reactive arthritis is the preferred name for what was called Reiter’s syndrome since it is thought to involve the immune system which is “reacting” to the presence of a bacterial infection in the genital, urinary, or […]
- Reactive oxygen species
Species such as superoxide, hydrogen peroxide, and hydroxyl radical. At low levels, these species may function in cell signalling processes. At higher levels, these species may damage cellular macromolecules (such as DNA and RNA) and participate in apoptosis (programmed cell death).
- Reading frame
One of the three possible ways to read a nucleotide sequence in DNA, depending on whether reading starts with the first, second, or third base in a triplet.
- Reading frame, open
A portion of DNA that occurs between a start codon and a termination codon which can potentially be translated into a protein Abbreviated ORF.