An exam done to detect abnormalities that can be felt (palpated) from within the rectum. The doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum and feels for anything that is not normal.
The digital rectal exam is an important screening test for the detection of tumors of the rectum and prostate abnormalities, including benign enlargement of the prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia) and cancer of the prostate.
- Rectal incontinence
Inability to hold feces in the rectum due to failure of voluntary control over the anal sphincters with involuntary passage of feces and gas. Also called fecal incontinence.
Bulging of the front wall of the rectum into the vagina. Rectocele is due to weakening of the pelvic support structures and thinning of the rectovaginal septum (the tissues separating the rectum from the vagina). Also called a proctocele. Risk factors for a rectocele include a history of multiple, difficult or prolonged deliveries, forceps or […]
- Rectouterine pouch
Culdoscopy, the introduction of an endoscope through the vagina into the cul-de-sac; Culdoscope, the endoscope that is used to look into the cul-de-sac; and Culdocentesis, the aspiration (withdrawal) of fluid from the cul-de-sac. In French, “cul-de-sac” literally is “bottom of (a)sack.” As early as the 13th century, a cul-de-sac was a dead-end street (or a […]
The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until it leaves the body through the anus.
Usually refers to the rectus abdominis, a large muscle in the front of the abdomen that assists in the regular breathing movement and supports the muscles of the spine while lifting and keeping abdominal organs such as the intestines in place. The rectus abdominis plays a key role in “sit-ups.” Rectus means straight. The rectus […]