Rice that has been fermented by the red yeast, Monascus purpureus. Red yeast rice has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine. More recently, it has been used to lower blood lipids, including cholesterol and triglycerides. It acts to lower cholesterol because the red yeast Monascus purpureus inhibits the action of HMG-CoA reductase, an enzyme known to raise cholesterol. It has been recommended that red yeast rice not be taken together with the cholesterol-lowering statin drugs since they are also HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. Red yeast rice is classified as a dietary supplement by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
- Red-green colorblindness
28-45, 1798). It is the first recognized account of red-green colorblindness.
- Reed-Sternberg cell
A type of cell that appears in patients with Hodgkin’s disease. The number of these cells increases as the disease advances.
The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a referral to ophthalmology, for example, you are being sent to the eye doctor. In HMOs and other managed care schemes, a referral is usually necessary to see any practitioner or specialist other than your primary care physician (PCP), if you want the service […]
An involuntary reaction. For example, the corneal reflex is the blink that occurs upon irritation of the eye.
- Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD)
A condition characterized by diffuse pain, swelling and limitation of movement that follows an injury such as a fracture in an arm or leg. The symptoms are way out of proportion to the injury and may linger long after the injury has healed. Suspicion of the condition is critical as the condition is best diagnosed […]