1. Literally, the act of planting again. 2. In surgery, the restoration of any part of the body to its original site. Also known as reimplantation.
The Chinese surgeon Zhong Wei Chen (1929-2004) was the “father of replantation.” Dr. Chen was the first to reattach a severed hand with success which he did in 1963. Dr. Chen also developed many microsurgical procedures including techniques for preserving severed extremities, reattaching amputated fingers and thumbs, reconstructing muscles and repairing nerves and blood vessels.
A turning back, repetition, duplication, reproduction.
- Replication, DNA
A complex process whereby the ‘parent’ strands of DNA in the double helix are separated, and each one is copied to produce a new (daughter) strand. This process is said to be ‘semiconservative’ because one strand from each parent is conserved and remains intact after replication has taken place.
- Reportable disease
A disease that must be reported to federal, state, or local health officials when diagnosed.
- Reporting, anonymous
In public health, anonymous reporting permits the acquisition of certain data such as the proportion of persons with a positive test or with a disease. It is different from anonymous testing, in which no name is used on the test sample.
- Reporting, named
In public health, named reporting is the reporting of infected persons by name to public health departments. This is standard practice for the surveillance of many infectious diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and tuberculosis that pose a public health threat. The opposite of named reporting is anonymous testing in which the individual remains nameless.