Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, an enzyme that is normally present in liver and heart cells. SGPT is released into blood when the liver or heart are damaged. The blood SGPT levels are thus elevated with liver damage (for example, from viral hepatitis) or with an insult to the heart (for example, from a heart attack). Some medications can also raise SGPT levels. Also called alanine aminotransferase (ALT).
- Shaken baby syndrome
Characteristic injuries caused by violently shaking an infant. Shaken baby syndrome has distinctive features, including hemorrhage (bleeding) into the retina, hemorrhage and swelling of the brain, and patterned bruising and fractures (breaks) of the child’s ribs or bones where they have been twisted from the shaking. Shaken baby syndrome is the most common cause of […]
1. In anatomy, the tibia, the larger bone in the lower leg. The term is rarely used in this sense today. 2. In a culinary sense, the foreleg of a four-legged animal as, for example, a lamb shank. The shank is flavorful but tough (due to connective tissue) and therefore needs long slow cooking.
- Shark attack
Hit-and-run attacks happen near beaches, where sharks try to make a living capturing fish. In pounding surf, strong currents, and murky water, a shark may mistake the movements of humans, usually at the surface, for those of their normal food, fish. The shark makes one grab, lets go, and immediately leaves the area. Legs or […]
- Shell shock
The World War I name for what is known today as post-traumatic stress, this is a psychological disorder that develops in some individuals who have had major traumatic experiences (and, for example, have been in a serious accident or through a war). The person is typically numb at first but later has symptoms including depression, […]
- Sherlock, Sheila
British physician (1918-2001) who pioneered the study of the liver (hepatology). She made liver biopsy a routine clinical tool and, with its help, developed the current classification of chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis. She applied vascular catheterization, imaging, and pressure measurements to the liver to investigate the portal circulation (the blood flow to and from the […]