A pioneering heart operation named after the American surgeon Alfred Blalock (1899-1964) and the pediatric cardiologist Helen B. Taussig (1898-1986).
Dr. Taussig designed and Dr. Blalock carried out the first “blue-baby” operation to treat a child born with a previously inoperable heart malformation (tetralogy of Fallot). The procedure joined an artery leaving the heart to an artery leading to the lungs to give the blood a second chance at oxygenation. The joining (anastomosis) was of the subclavian artery to the pulmonary artery. It was the first blue baby operation and came to be known as the Blalock-Taussig shunt.
This operation, which was first done on November 29, 1944 at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, is a major landmark in the history of children’s heart surgery.
- Shunt, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic
A shunt that allows blood from the portal circulation (that supplies the liver) to flow into the systemic (general) circulation. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt involves catheterization of a hepatic (liver) vein by the transjugular approach (through the jugular vein) followed by puncture of an intrahepatic portal vein and placement and expansion of a stent to […]
- Shunt, transjugular, intrahepatic, portosystemic
A shunt (tube) placed between the portal vein which carries blood from the intestines to the liver and the hepatic vein which carries blood from the liver back to the heart. It is used primarily (but not exclusively) in patients with cirrhosis in which the scar tissue within the liver has blocked the flow of […]
- Shunt, triculoperitoneal
A shunt that drains fluid from the cerebral ventricle into the abdomen.
- Shunt, ventriculoatrial
A shunt that is used to drain fluid from the cerebral ventricle into the right atrium of the heart.
- Shunt, ventriculopleural
A shunt that is used to drain fluid from the cerebral ventricle into the chest cavity.