A stirrup-shaped bone in the middle ear. The stapes transmits sound vibrations from the incus, another little bone in the middle ear, to the oval window adjacent to the inner ear. The stapes is the smallest bone in the body. Pronounced stay-peas. Stapes, a Late Latin word meaning stirrup, cannot have been a classical Latin term because the Romans rode without stirrups (or a saddle).
Very commonly used shortened form of Staphylococcus, a very common and important group of bacteria. See Staphylococcal infection.
- Staph infection
A staph infection is an infection with a Staphylococcal bacteria.
- Staphylococcal infection
Infection with one of the Staphylococcal bacteria. Staph infection can cause pus-filled abscesses on the skin or internal organs, and can migrate through the blood to infect the heart, brain, and other areas. Treatment is with antibiotics and drainage of abscesses as needed. A particularly dangerous form of this infection is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, commonly […]
- Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
An infection of the skin with group II Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. The bacteria release toxins, causing inflamed, scaling skin that looks as though it has been burned. It is more common in children than in adults, but is more likely to cause death when it does occur in adults. Rehydration and intravenous antibiotics are the […]
A group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope, staphylococcus bacteria are round and bunched together. They can cause illness directly by infection or indirectly through products they make, such as the toxins responsible for food poisoning and toxic shock syndrome. The best-known member of the staphylococcus family is Staphylococcus aureus. […]