An earth element and metal with atomic no. 38, atomic wt. 87.62 that is used in a radioactive form for imaging tests and as a treatment for cancer. First detected in lead mines near Strontian, Scotland, strontium is present in water and food and, in trace amounts, the human skeleton.
- Strontium ranelate
An agent consisting of two atoms of stable strontium and ranelic acid. Strontium ranelate stimulates the formation of new bone tissue and decreases bone resorption (loss). It reduces the risk of vertebral fractures in postmenopausal osteoporosis.
- Structural genomics
The study of the proteome, the three-dimensional structures of thousands upon thousands of proteins, in fact, all of the proteins produced by a species. In the Human Genome Project, the sequence of all the DNA in our genome was largely deciphered. Structural genomics aims to achieve a comparable degree of understanding of the proteome.
- Structural scoliosis
Marfan syndrome (an inherited connective tissue disorder); other connective tissue disorders; neuromuscular diseases (such as cerebral palsy, poliomyelitis, or muscular dystrophy); birth defects (such as hemivertebra, in which one side of a vertebra fails to form normally before birth); injury; certain infections of the spine; tumors (such as those caused by neurofibromatosis, an hereditary disease […]
Commonly used abbreviation for “sequence tagged site.” A short (200 to 500 base pair) DNA sequence that occurs but once in the genome and whose location and base sequence are known. STSs are detectable by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), are useful for localizing and orienting the mapping and sequence data, and serve as landmarks on […]
- Study population
The group of individuals in a study. In a clinical trial, the participants make up the study population. The study population might, for example, consist of all children under 2 years of age in a community.