A type of clinical trial in which the study subjects receive each treatment in a random order. In this type of study, every patient serves as his or her own control.
- Study, electrophysiologic
Electrophysiologic study of the heart.
- Study, gastric emptying
A gastric emptying study evaluates the emptying of food from the stomach. For a gastric emptying study, a patient eats a meal in which the solid food, liquid food or both are mixed with a small amount of radioactive material. A scanner (acting like a Geiger counter) is placed over the stomach to monitor the […]
- Study, linkage
A study aimed at establishing linkage between genes. Linkage is the tendency for genes and other genetic markers to be inherited together because of their location near one another on the same chromosome. A gene is a functional physical unit of heredity that can be passed from parent to child. All genes in humans are […]
- Study, longitudinal
A study done over the passage of time. For example, a longitudinal study of children with Down syndrome (trisomy 21) might involve the study of 100 children with this condition from birth to 10 years of age. Also called a diachronic study. The opposite of a cross-sectional (synchronic) study.
- Study, preclinical
A study to test a drug, procedure or medical treatment in animals. The aim is to collect data in support of safety. Preclinical studies are required before clinical trials can be started.