Also known as surrogate. A woman who agrees to become pregnant and carry a child for another individual or couple, who will become the child’s legal parents. In some situations and locations a surrogate mother may be paid for her services. In traditional surrogacy, the woman becomes pregnant using her own eggs and is the biological mother of the child. The term is sometimes used to refer to a woman who carries a biologically unrelated child for another couple that was conceived through in-vitro fertilization (IVF), but the term gestational carrier or gestational surrogate is more accurate in this situation.
- Susceptibility genes, breast cancer
Breast cancer susceptibility genes.
- Sutton's law
In medicine, the principle of going straight to the most likely diagnosis. The law is named for the bank robber Willy Sutton who was asked why he robbed banks and who replied “because that is where the money is” (or so the story goes).
1. A type of joint between the bones of the skull where the bones are held tightly together by fibrous tissue. 2. Thread-like material used to sew tissue together. 3. To stitch a wound closed. The word suture came with little change from the Latin sutura, “a sewn seam.” In Latin, the verb suere is […]
Simian virus 40, a polyomavirus found in simians (nonhuman primates), SV40 has no relationship to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or to the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). Some lots of polio vaccines in the 1960s were discovered to contain SV40. It was found in the inactivated (Salk) polio vaccine and some experimental lots of oral […]
- Swallowing syncope
The temporary loss of consciousness upon swallowing. Syncope is the temporary loss of consciousness or, in plain English, fainting. The situations that trigger this reaction are diverse and include having blood drawn, straining while urinating (micturition syncope) or defecating, coughing or swallowing. The reaction also can be due to the emotional stress of fear or […]