A complex of abnormal findings, namely sinking in of one eyeball, ipsilateral ptosis (drooping of the upper eyelid on the same side) and miosis (constriction of the pupil of that eye) together with anhidrosis (lack of sweating) and flushing of the affected side of the face. Due to paralysis of certain nerves (specifically, the cervical sympathetic nerves). Also called Horner-Bernard syndrome, Bernard-Horner syndrome and Horner’s ptosis but best known today as Horner syndrome.
- Syndrome, Bernard-Soulier
Jean Bernard (1907-) and Jean-Pierre Soulier (1915-). (Because the disease is named not for one man whose name was Bernard Soulier but for these two men, there should be a hyphen in the Bernard-Soulier syndrome).
- Syndrome, Bloch-Sulzberger
Also known as incontinentia pigmenti (IP). A genetic disease with blisters that develop soon after birth on the trunk and limbs, then heal, but leave dark (hyperpigmented) streaks and marble-like whorls on the skin. (The name came from the erroneous idea that the skin cells were incontinent of pigment and could not contain it normally.) […]
- Syndrome, Boerhaave's
Spontaneous tearing and rupture of the esophagus. Typically, Boerhaave’s syndrome requires an operation for repair.
- Syndrome, Brown
An ophthalmology (eye) problem. Brown syndrome is an abnormality that is present at birth (congenitally) and is characterized by an inability to elevate the eyeball when trying to move the eyeball to the outside. Brown syndrome can also occur because of other conditions which affect the normal function of the eye muscles. The syndrome is […]
- Syndrome, burning mouth
An intense burning sensation on the tongue, often at the tip of the tongue. The burning mouth syndrome tends to develop in supertasters and post-menopausal women. Supertasters have an unusually large density of taste buds, each surrounded by pain fibers. Post-menopausal women with the burning mouth syndrome often lose their ability to sense bitter tastes. […]