Diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease). Kimmelstiel-Wilson syndrome is a kidney condition associated with long-standing diabetes. It affects the network of tiny blood vessels (the microvasculature) in the glomerulus, a key structure in the kidney that is composed of capillary blood vessels and which is critically necessary for the filtration of the blood. Features of Kimmelstiel-Wilson syndrome include the nephrotic syndrome with excessive filtration of protein into the urine (proteinuria), high blood pressure (hypertension), and progressively impaired kidney function. When severe, Kimmelstiel-Wilson syndrome leads to kidney failure, end-stage renal disease, and the need for chronic kidney dialysis or a kidney transplant. The disorder is named for Paul Kimmelstein (1900-70), a German-born pathologist in the U.S., and Clifford Wilson (1906-), an English physician. It is also known as Kimmelstiel-Wilson disease or intercapillary glomerulonephritis.
- Syndrome, Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber (KTW)
A congenital malformation syndrome characterized by the triad of asymmetric limb hypertrophy, hemangiomata, and nevi. “Asymmetric limb hypertrophy” is enlargement of one limb and not the corresponding limb on the other side, the enlarged limb being 3 times more likely to be a leg than an arm in KTW; and the limb enlargement is of […]
- Syndrome, Kostmann
severe congenital neutropenia (SCN). severe congenital neutropenia was first clearly described by Kostmann in 1956. It is now known to be caused by a defect in a gene on chromosome 1 (in 1p35-p34.3) that codes for what is called the granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor (GCSFR). Treatment with recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (GCSF) elevates the […]
- Syndrome, Landau-Kleffner
See Landau-Kleffner syndrome.
- Syndrome, Launois-Bensaude
A disorder characterized by painless symmetrical diffuse deposits of fat beneath the skin of the neck, upper trunk, arms and legs. The condition is thought to be genetic although its exact mode of inheritance is uncertain; it may be a mitochondrial DNA disease. It frequently appears in association with alcoholic liver disease, macrocytic anemia (“low […]
Peripheral neuropathy is when the peripheral nerves (as compared to the spinal cord or brain) become the source of pain. One way to look at pain is whether it is in response to an appropriate stimulus, such as someone stepping on your toe, or whether the pain occurs for no obvious reason; malfunctioning of the […]