A number of diseases, also known as hemorrhagic fever, characterized by an abrupt onset of high fever and chills, headache, cold and cough, and pain in the muscles, joints and abdomen with nausea and vomiting followed by bleeding into the kidney and elsewhere. Known also as hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome.
Many arboviruses (including those in the families Togaviridae, Flaviviridae, Filoviridae, and Bunyaviridae) and the Hantaviruses, spread by rodents or biting insects, can cause epidemic hemorrhagic fever. The Ebola virus is a notorious cause of epidemic hemorrhagic fever.
Bioterrorism — There has been concern about the hemorrhagic fever as a possible weapon for bioterrorism. However, the General Accounting Office, the investigative arm of the US Congress, in a 1999 report considered hemorrhagic fever to be an “unlikely” biologic threat for terrorism, because these viruses are very difficult to obtain and process, unsafe to handle, and relatively unstable. The lethal effects of these viruses were deemed by the GAO to depend on the strain but can be “very high.”
- Syndrome, Rendu-Osler-Weber
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.
- Syndrome, respiratory distress (RDS)
Formerly known as hyaline membrane disease, a syndrome of respiratory difficulty in newborn infants caused by a deficiency of a molecule called surfactant. RDS almost always occurs in newborns born before 37 weeks of gestation. The more premature the baby is, the greater is the chance of developing RDS. RDS is more likely to occur […]
- Syndrome, Reye
A sudden, sometimes fatal, disease of the brain (encephalopathy) with degeneration of the liver, occurs in children (most cases 4-12 years of age), comes after the chickenpox (varicella) or an influenza-type illness, is also associated with taking medications containing aspirin. The child with Reye (pronounced rye) syndrome first tends to be unusually quiet, lethargic (stuporous), […]
- Syndrome, Rothmund-Thomson
See Rothmund-Thomson syndrome.
- Syndrome, SAPHO
Synovitis — inflammation of the joint lining (synovium), typically manifest as warmth, tenderness, pain, swelling, and stiffness of involved joints (arthritis). Acne — a familiar skin condition featuring tiny areas of inflammation with pus formation at the hair follicles, most commonly on the face and upper back. Pustulosis — a very inflammatory skin condition resulting […]