Protein (15-45 mg/dl)
Glucose (50-75 mg/dl)
Cell count (0-5 mononuclear cells)
Initial pressure (70-180 mm)
These normal values can be altered by injury or disease of the brain, spinal cord or adjacent tissues. The values are routinely evaluated during examination of the spinal fluid obtained from the lumbar puncture. Additionally, spinal fluid is tested for infection in the microbiology laboratory.
Spinal fluid obtained from the lumbar puncture can be used to diagnose many important diseases such as bleeding around the brain; increased pressure from hydrocephalus; inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, or adjacent tissues (encephalitis, meningitis); tumors of brain or spinal cord, etc. Sometimes spinal fluid can indicate diseases of the immune system, such as multiple sclerosis.
When spinal fluid is removed during an LP, the risks include headache, brain herniation, bleeding, and infection. Each of these complications are uncommon with the exception of headache, which can appear from hours to up to a day after LP. Headaches occur less frequently when the patient remains lying flat 1-3 hours after the procedure. The benefits of the LP depend upon the exact situation but an LP can provide lifesaving information.
Trade name for methimazole, an antithyroid medication.
A worm that is flat like a tape measure and functions as an intestinal parasite, unable to live freely on its own but able to live within an animal’s gut.
- Tapeworm infection, pork
Avoid eating raw or undercooked pork and other meats. Don’t eat meat of pigs that are likely to be infected with the tapeworm. Wash hands with soap and water after using the toilet and before handling food, especially when traveling in developing countries. Wash and peel all raw vegetables and fruits before eating. Avoid food […]
- Tapeworm, armed
Taenia solium. I would delete this-this term is not used anymore
- Tapeworm, beef
The most common of the large tapeworms that parasitize people. Beef tapeworm can be contracted from infected beef that is raw or rare. Also known as Taenia saginata.