Inflammation of a tendon (the tissue by which muscle attaches to bone). Tendinitis most commonly occurs as a result of injury, such as to the tendons around the shoulder or elbow. It can also occur as a result of an underlying inflammatory rheumatic disease, such as reactive arthritis or gout. Tendinitis is synonymous with tendonitis.
- Tendon, Achilles
The hero Achilles was invulnerable to injury except for his heel, which proved his downfall when it was pierced by Paris’s arrow. It has also proved, literally, to be the downfall of many athletes who have experienced the sudden pain of its rupture.
The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, but tough. When a tendon becomes inflamed, the condition is referred to as tendonitis.
Any disease or dysfunction of a tendon, The form of tendonopathy is named for the affected tendon, as in Achilles tendonopathy or rotator cuff tendonopathy. Patellar tendonopathy is an overuse syndrome of the patellar tendon. It is also called patellar tendonitis or jumper’s knee.
Straining to defecate or urinate. Tenesmus refers especially to ineffectual and painful straining for an extended time. Straining to defecate is called rectal tenesmus; straining to urinate is called vesical tenesmus.
In medicine, tenia is a genus (group) of large tapeworms some of which are parasitic in humans. In anatomy, tenia refers to a band or a structural line and applies to several bands and lines of nervous matter in the brain. In Latin, tenia means a ribbon or tape. Tenia is also spelled taenia.