Ventricular septal defect (VSD)A hole between the two bottom chambers, the ventricles, of the heart that permits oxygen-poor blood from the right ventricle to mix with oxygen-rich blood from the left ventricle.
Pulmonary stenosisNarrowing of the outlet to the pulmonary artery area with an abnormal pulmonary valve impeding blood flow from the right ventricle to the lungs.
Right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH)Thickening and enlargement of the muscle of the right ventricle.
Overriding aortaA case in which the aorta overrides or straddles the wall (the septum) between the ventricles, permitting oxygen-poor blood to flow through the VSD into the aorta.
Open-heart surgery is done on patients with tetralogy of Fallot in infancy or early childhood. Untreated tetralogy of Fallot is usually fatal before age 20. With open-heart surgery, the patient has an excellent chance of survival.
A sequence of 4 base pairs. (Bases are the building blocks of DNA.) Expansion of a tetranucleotide repeat (CCTG) in the ZNF9 gene causes type 2 myotonic dystrophy.
A peptide consisting of four amino acids.
Adult diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. See Td immunization.
Traditional Chinese medicine.
- TC-99 tetrofosmin scintimammography
Scintimammography is an imaging technique that uses a radioisotope (a radioactive substance) to help visualize the breast and find cancer. Scintimammography using the radioisotope technetium tetrofosmin (Tc-99 tetrofosmin) can detect breast cancer sometimes in situations in which there is considerable uncertainty, as with dense breast tissue. (Dense breast tissue is particularly difficult to decipher by […]