Treatment that is given in addition to the primary (initial) treatment.
Adjuvant treatment is an addition to the primary treatment and is designed to help reach the ultimate goal. Adjuvant therapy for cancer usually refers to surgery followed by chemo- or radiotherapy to help decrease the risk of the cancer recurring (coming back).
In Latin “adjuvans” means to help and, particularly, to help reach a goal.
- Therapy, antiretroviral (ART)
Treatment that suppresses or stops a retrovirus. One of the retrovirus is the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS. Retroviruses are so named because they carry their genetic information in the form of RNA rather than DNA so that the information must be transcribed in “reverse” direction — from RNA into DNA.
- Therapy, behavior
A treatment program that involves substituting desirable behavior responses for undesirable ones.
- Therapy, biological
Treatment to stimulate or restore the ability of the immune (defense) system to fight infection and disease. Biological therapy is thus any form of treatment that uses the body’s natural abilities that constitute the immune system to fight infection and disease or to protect the body from some of the side effects of treatment. Biological […]
- Therapy, cell
Treatment with cells. A technology that relies on replacing diseased or dysfunctional cells with healthy, functioning ones. Whole blood transfusions, packed red cell transfusions, platelet transfusions, bone marrow transplants, and organ transplants are all forms of cell therapy. Cell therapy may be applicable to some types of cancer, neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s disease and […]
- Therapy, constraint-induced movement
A form of intensive physical therapy aimed at reorganizing and reprogramming the brain after a stroke, a traumatic brain injury, or spinal cord damage.