A condition that is due to compromise of blood vessels or nerve fibers between the armpit (axilla) and the base of the neck, because of compression by adjacent tissues. Symptoms include pain, arm weakness, and numbness in the hands and fingers. Thoracic outlet syndrome can be caused by muscle development from some types of manual work or exercise, injury, or malformation. Treatment involves physical therapy and use of anti-inflammatory medication, and sometimes by surgery.
- Thoracic vertebrae
The 12 thoracic vertebrae are situated between the cervical (neck) vertebrae and the lumbar vertebrae. The thoracic vertebrae are represented by the symbols T1 through T12. The thoracic vertebrae provide attachment for the ribs and make up part of the back of the thorax (the chest).
- Thoracolumbosacral orthosis (TLSO)
One of the two main types of braces used to correct the lateral (sideways) curve of the spine in scoliosis. Patients can wear this brace to correct spinal curves whose apex is at or below the eighth thoracic vertebra. The TLSO is an underarm brace, which means that it fits under the arm and around […]
An operation to open the chest, usually in order to gain access to the lungs or heart.
The area of the body that is located between the abdomen and the neck. Within the thorax are the lungs, the heart, and the first section of the aorta. Also known as chest.
- Thorn, George W.
American endocrinologist (1906-2004) who was a pioneer in the use of cortisone for treating Addison’s disease; a member of the medical team responsible for the first successful kidney transplant; and editor-in-chief of Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, a key medical textbook. Dr. Thorn served for three decades as Chief of Medicine at the Peter Bent […]