TLR4. One in a family of receptors that provide critical links between immune stimulants produced by microorganisms and the initiation of host defenses. Abbreviated TLR4.
TLR4 is a transmembrane lipopolysaccharide receptor. Activation of it causes the release of antimicrobial peptides, inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, and costimulatory molecules that initiate the innate immune response to common gram-negative bacteria. TLR4 also interacts with respiratory syncytial virus, heat-shock proteins, fibronectin, fibrinogen, and hyaluronic acid.
A chemical compound implicated, along with aniline, in the causation of bladder cancer. Aniline and o-toluidine — both compounds are aromatic amines — are used in the manufacture of a variety of dyes, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and chemicals employed in the manufacture of rubber. The primary routes of exposure to these compounds are inhalation and dermal […]
Or tomo- before a consonant. A combining form meaning a cut, section, slice or layer, as might be achieved by cutting or slicing. Used in the formation of compound words such tomography. From the Greek tomos (a cutting).
- Tommy John Surgery - MedTerms
see Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR).
Or tom- before a vowel. A combining form meaning a cut, section, or layer, as might be achieved by cutting or slicing. Used in the formation of compound words such tomography. From the Greek tomos (a cutting).
A radiograph (x-ray) of a selected layer of the body made by tomography. A tomogram is a two-dimensional image representing a slice or section through a three-dimensional object. The term tomogram may be made more specific, as in nephrotomogram (tomogram of the kidney).