Ulcerative colitis that is limited to the rectum.
Ulcerative colitis itself is a relatively common disease involving inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). The cause is unknown. It is a form of inflammatory bowel disease and has some similarity to a related disorder, Crohn’s disease.
The end of the colon (the rectum) is always involved in ulcerative colitis. When the inflammation is limited to the rectum, as mentioned, it is called ulcerative proctitis.
In ulcerative colitis, the inflammation may extend into the upper parts of the colon. When the entire colon is involved, the terms pancolitis or universal colitis are used.
The symptoms of ulcerative colitis include crampy abdominal pain, diarrhea, and intermittent rectal bleeding. Ulcerative colitis characteristically waxes and wanes. Many patients experience long remissions, even without medication. Ulcerative colitis may mysteriously resolve (“burn out”) after a long history of symptoms.
Direct visualization (proctosigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy) with sampling of the lining of the bowel is the most accurate diagnostic test. Especially in new cases, infections and other diseases that can mimic ulcerative colitis have to be considered and excluded.
Long-standing ulcerative colitis increases the risk for colon cancer. Ulcerative colitis can also be associated with inflammation in joints, spine, skin, eyes, the liver and its bile ducts.
The treatment of ulcerative colitis involves medications and/or surgery. Since inflammatory bowel disease is currently an area of active and productive research, new treatments are anticipated which, it is hoped, will be of value in ulcerative colitis.
- Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy
A disorder evident at birth characterized by muscle weakness, contractures of multiple joints, and hyperextensibility (looseness) of joints, particularly distal joints (well away from the trunk). The muscle weakness progresses slowly and ranges from mild to severe. The disease is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and is associated with mutations in several genes, including […]
The larger of the two long bones within the forearm. (The smaller one is the radius.) The ulna is on the same side of the arm as the little finger.
Pertaining to the ulna, the larger bone in the forearm.
- Ulnar nerve
A major nerve in the upper extremity that supplies both sensory and motor innervation to parts of the forearm and hand.
Cancer of the gums. It is often associated with the use of smokeless (chewing) tobacco. Diagnosis is by observation and confirmed by biopsy. Treatment may include radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery.