A vaginal spermicide is a substance that will kill sperm in the vagina.
Vaginal spermicides are available in foam, cream, jelly, film, suppository, or tablet forms. All types contain a sperm-killing chemical.
Studies have not produced definitive data on the efficacy of spermicides used alone (without a diaphragm or cervical cap) but research suggests the failure rate for typical users may be in the range of 20% per year.
Some spermicide products require the couple to wait 10 minutes or more after inserting the spermicide before having sex. One dose of spermicide is usually effective for one hour. For repeated intercourse, additional spermicide must be applied. And after intercourse, the spermicide has to remain in place for at least six to eight hours to ensure that all sperm are killed. The woman should not douche or rinse the vagina during this time.
- Vaginal vestibule
The vaginal opening is called the vestibule of the vagina. In medicine, a vestibule is a space or cavity at the entrance to a canal, channel, tube, vessel. In ancient Rome, the “vestibulum” was an entrance or enclosed porch leading into the house. The vagina is a muscular canal extending from the cervix to the […]
- Vaginal yeast infection
Infection of the vagina caused by a fungus known as Candida. A vaginal yeast infection is characterized by itching, burning, soreness, pain during intercourse and/or urination, and vaginal discharge that is typically cheesy white in color. The diagnosis is confirmed through identification of the yeast under a microscope from a specimen scraped from the vaginal […]
- Vaginismus: MedTerms by MedicineNet.com
Inflammation of the vagina. The vagina is the muscular canal extending from the cervix to the outside of the body. Vaginitis is often caused by a fungus. A woman with this condition may have itching or burning and may notice a discharge. Vaginitis is a common condition. There are factors that predispose a woman to […]
- Vaginitis, atrophic
Thinning of the lining (epithelium) of the vagina due to decreased production of estrogen. Atrophic vaginitis may occur with menopause.