Infection of the vagina by a fungus known as Candida, characteristically causing itching, burning, soreness, pain during intercourse and urination, and vaginal discharge.
Yeast vaginitis occurs when new yeast are introduced into the vagina or there is an increase in the quantity of yeast in the vagina relative to the quantity of bacteria (as when bacteria are eradicated by antibiotics). The yeast can then take over and cause irritation of the lining of the vagina (vaginitis).
Yeast vaginitis tends also to occur with any injury to the vagina (as from chemotherapy), immune deficiency (as from AIDS or from using cortisone-type medications) and in women with diabetes mellitus.
Yeast vaginitis can be treated with antifungal medications applied to the affected area or taken by mouth. Topically applied antibiotic creams include butoconazole (FEMSTAT 3), clotrimazole (LOTRIMIN), miconazole (MONISTAT), and terconazole (TERAZOL 3). Clotrimazole, miconazole, terconazole, and nystatin (MYCOSTATIN) are also available as vaginal tablets. Oral antibiotics for yeast vaginitis and vulvitis include fluconazole (DIFLUCAN). During pregnancy, only the topical creams are used.
Candida may be normally present in small numbers in some women and not cause disease but the presence of Candida without symptoms of infection does not require treatment.
The use of a viewing instrument to visualize the vaginal canal. Most commonly, a form of endoscope is used in vaginoscopy. Vaginoscopy is performed to diagnose anatomical abnormalities or lesions affecting the vaginal wall. The procedure is most commonly performed in children.
- Vaginosis, bacterial
A vaginal condition characterized by an abnormal vaginal discharge due to an overgrowth of normal bacteria in the vagina. Women with bacterial vaginosis also have fewer than the usual population of vaginal bacteria, called lactobacilli. Symptoms of bacterial vaginosis are vaginal discharge and sometimes a fishy odor. A microscopic sign of bacterial vaginosis is an […]
- Vagus nerve
A nerve that supplies nerve fibers to the pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), lungs, heart, esophagus, and intestinal tract, as far as the transverse portion of the colon. The vagus nerve also brings sensory information back to the brain from the ear, tongue, pharynx, and larynx. The vagus nerve is the tenth cranial […]
Someone with a weak or sickly constitution, especially someone whose chief concern is being or becoming a chronic invalid. The word “valetudinarian” comes from the Latin “valere”, which means to be strong or to be well, via “valetudo” which could refer to good or bad health.
(valga, valgum) Angled outward, bent or twisted outward, as in cubitus valgus, coxa valga, hallux valgus, and genu valgum.