the cuffed or tunnelled line and the reservoir long line that ends in a rubber bulb or reservoir.
The possible complications of a central venous line include air in the chest (pneumothorax) due to a punctured lung, bleeding in the chest (hemothorax), fluid in the chest (hydrothorax), bleeding into or under the skin (hematoma) and infection. If the line becomes disconnected, air may enter the blood and cause problems with breathing or a stroke.
A central venous line is also called a central venous catheter. Sometimes, the “venous” is omitted and it is called a central line or central catheter.
The exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere so that oxygen can be exchanged for carbon dioxide in the alveoli (the tiny air sacs in the lungs).
- Ventilation, mechanical
Use of a machine called a ventilator or respirator to improve the exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere.
- Ventilation, positive pressure
The provision of oxygen under pressure by a mechanical respirator, a machine designed to improve the exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere. The device is basically designed for administering artificial respiration, especially for a prolonged period, in the event of inadequate spontaneous ventilation or respiratory paralysis. The mechanical ventilator was invented in […]
A machine that mechanically assists a patient in the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, a process sometimes referred to as artificial respiration.
Pertaining to the front or anterior of any structure. The ventral surfaces of the body include the chest, abdomen, shins, palms, and soles. Ventral is as opposed to dorsal. From the Latin “venter” meaning belly. For a more complete listing of terms used in medicine for spatial orientation, please see the entry to “Anatomic Orientation […]