Inflammation of the brain as a result of virus infection. There are many viruses that cause viral encephalitis.
- Viral hemorrhagic fever
the arenaviruses, filoviruses, bunyaviruses, and flaviviruses. The arenaviruses include the Lassa fever virus and Machupo, Junin, Guanarito, and Sabia hemorrhagic fever viruses. Among the filoviruses are the notorious Ebola virus and Marburg virus. The bunyaviruses include Rift Valley fever (RVF), Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), and hantaviruses. The viruses of yellow fever and dengue are Among […]
- Viral hepatitis
Liver inflammation caused by a virus. Specific hepatitis viruses have been labeled A, B, C, D, and E. Some other viruses, such as the Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus, can also cause hepatitis, but the liver is not their primary target.
- Viral infection
Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on the virus and the person’s state of health, various viruses can infect almost any type of body tissue, from the brain to the skin. Viral infections cannot be treated with typical antibiotics (antibacterial antibiotics); in fact, in some cases the use of […]
The presence of a virus in the blood. Viremia is analogous to bacteremia (the presence of bacteria in the blood) and parasitemia (the presence of a parasite in the blood). Viremia, bacteremia, and parasitemia are all forms of sepsis (bloodstream infection).
- Virginal membrane
A thin membrane which completely or partially occludes the vaginal opening. This fold of mucous membrane is usually present at birth at the orifice of the vagina. In medicine, it is called the vaginal membrane or the hymen. Hymen is a Greek word meaning “skin” or “membrane.” The ancient Greeks applied the word “hymen” to […]