for those 1-70 years of age, 600 IU daily; for those 71 years and older, 800 IU daily; and for pregnant and lactating women, 600 IU daily. The IOM further recommended that serum 25(OH)D levels of 20ng/mL (= 50 nmol/L) is adequate, and levels > 50ng/mL (= 125 nmol/L) could have potential adverse effects
- Vitamin D3
A vitamin produced by the body when exposed to ultraviolet light or obtained from dietary sources. Vitamin D3 is a hormone that has an important role in calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Technically, vitamin D3 is not a vitamin because the body can produce it. Also known as cholecalciferol.
- Vitamin E
In the ATBC cancer prevention trial, men given alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) had a lower incidence of prostate cancer than men given a placebo. The vitamin E-treated group also had significantly lower death rates from prostate cancer. However, newer studies from a trial called SELECT showed that taking vitamin E can actually be harmful. According to […]
- Vitamin K
particularly prothrombin and also factors VII, IX, and X. Vitamin K1 is made by plants, whereas vitamin K2 is of bacterial origin and is the important form for people. All other forms of vitamin K are converted to vitamin K2 in the body. There are a number of closely related compounds of the vitamin K2 […]
- Vitamin O
Not a true vitamin but rather a pricey health supplement that is composed largely of salt water (plus some germanium, a trace element dangerous to health). The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) charged the manufacturer of Vitamin O with fraud for touting it as a cure for cancer and heart disease. The FTC said advertisements […]
- Vitamin P
An old name for substances now known as bioflavinoids. They are no longer considered to be vitamins by the strict definition of that word.