The rarest form of fungus infection of the finger or toenail. (Fungus infection of the finger or toenail is also called onychomycosis.) The infection begins in the nail fold (the portion of the nail opposite the tip of the finger).
Proximal white subungual onychomycosis is typically associated with HIV infection (AIDS), though it can follow injury to the nail.
The most common fungus causing the infection is called Trichophyton rubrum. Other causes include T. megninii, T. tonsiurans, T. mentagrophytes, T. schoenleinii, and Epidermophyton floccosum.
Proximal white subungual onychomycosis is diagnosed based upon its unusual location (in the portion of the nailbed closest to the hand). The diagnosis is confirmed by seeing the fungus under a microscope from a scraping of the tissue.
Proximal white subungual onychomycosis is treated by antifungal medications taken by mouth. Examples include itraconazole (SPORANOX) and terbinafine (LAMISIL).
- White coat hypertension
A transient increase in blood pressure (hypertension) that is triggered by the sight of medical personnel in white coats (or other attire). Ideally, people so affected should do their best to relax when in the medical office.
A familiar term for what is medically called a closed comedo. A comedo, the primary sign of acne, consists of a dilated (widened) hair follicle filled with keratin squamae (skin debris), bacteria, and sebum (oil). A whitehead is a comedo that has an obstructed opening to the skin. A closed comedo may rupture and cause […]
- Whitmore's disease
Surgical removal of the lung abscess with lobectomy is considered. Antibiotic treatments may be necessary from 3 to 12 months. Melioidosis can remain latent (in hiding) for years and emerge when a person’s resistance is low. The alternative name for melioidosis is, as mentioned, Whitmore’s disease. This is in honor of Major Alfred Whitmore (1876-1946), […]
- Whitmore-Jewett staging system
A staging system for prostate cancer. See Jewett staging system.
- World Health Organization
The subagency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international health. Abbreviated WHO. Also known as Organisation Mondiale de la Sant’ (OMS).