ASMTY (which stands for acetylserotonin methyltransferase),
TSPY (testis-specific protein),
IL3RAY (interleukin-3 receptor),
SRY (sex-determining region),
TDF (testis determining factor),
ZFY (zinc finger protein), PRKY (protein kinase, Y-linked),
CSF2RY (granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor, alpha subunit on the Y chromosome),
ANT3Y (adenine nucleotide translocator-3 on the Y),
AZF2 (azoospermia factor 2),
BPY2 (basic protein on the Y chromosome),
AZF1 (azoospermia factor 1),
DAZ (deleted in azoospermia),
RBM1 (RNA binding motif protein, Y chromosome, family 1, member A1),
RBM2 (RNA binding motif protein 2) and
UTY (ubiquitously transcribed TPR gene on Y chromosome).
- Y. pestis
Yersinia pestis, the bacteria that causes the bubonic plague which in the year 541 (as the Black Death) and later in the Middle Ages decimated Europe. The effects of the plague are described in the nursery rhyme “We all fall down.” Y. pestis mainly infects rats and other rodents which are the prime reservoir for […]
YAC stands for yeast artificial chromosome, a vector (carrier) created and used in the laboratory to clone pieces of DNA. A YAC is constructed from the telomeric, centromeric, and replication origin sequences needed for replication in yeast cells. (The telomere is the end of the chromosome; the centromere is the chromosome region to which spindle […]
- YAG laser surgery
The use of a YAG (yttrium-aluminum-garnet) laser to do surgery. One use for a YAG laser in surgery is to punch a hole in the iris to relieve increased pressure within the eye from acute angle-closure glaucoma. In this type of glaucoma, there is a sudden (acute) increase in pressure in the anterior (front) chamber […]
A measurement of length that is equal to 0.9 meters, 3 feet, or 36 inches.
Involuntary opening of the mouth, accompanied by slowly breathing inward and then outward. Repeated yawning can be a sign of drowsiness, boredom, or depression. The yawn helps to open tiny air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs that can collapse during shallow breathing.