Infection of the vagina by a fungus known as Candida, characteristically causing itching, burning, soreness, pain during intercourse and urination, and vaginal discharge.
Yeast vaginitis occurs when new yeast are introduced into the vagina or there is an increase in the quantity of yeast in the vagina relative to the quantity of bacteria (as when bacteria are eradicated by antibiotics). The yeast can then take over and cause irritation of the lining of the vagina (vaginitis).
Yeast vaginitis tends also to occur with any injury to the vagina (as from chemotherapy), immune deficiency (as from AIDS or from using cortisone-type medications) and in women with diabetes mellitus.
Yeast vaginitis can be treated with antifungal medications applied to the affected area or taken by mouth. Topically applied antibiotic creams include butoconazole (FEMSTAT 3), clotrimazole (LOTRIMIN), miconazole (MONISTAT), and terconazole (TERAZOL 3). Clotrimazole, miconazole, terconazole, and nystatin (MYCOSTATIN) are also available as vaginal tablets. Oral antibiotics for yeast vaginitis and vulvitis include fluconazole (DIFLUCAN). During pregnancy, only the topical creams are used.
Candida may be normally present in small numbers in some women and not cause disease but the presence of Candida without symptoms of infection does not require treatment.
- Yeast vulvitis
A yeast infection of the external genital organs of the female (the vulva). The vulva includes the labia, clitoris, and the entrance (the “vestibule”) to the vagina. Yeast vulvitis commonly goes together with yeast vaginitis, infection of the vagina by the fungus known as Candida. The common symptoms are itching, burning, soreness, pain during intercourse […]
- Yellow enzyme, Warburg's
A key respiratory enzyme discovered by the German biochemist Otto Heinrich Warburg (1883-1970), a pioneer in research on the respiration of cells and the metabolism of tumors. Warburg’s yellow enzyme is a flavoprotein that catalyzes an oxidation-reduction reaction necessary for normal breathing (respiration) , in other words, use of oxygen by cells. Warburg won the […]
- Yellow enzymes
A group of respiratory enzymes that catalyze reactions in the body permitting cells to respire, to breath, or in other word, to use oxygen. These biochemical reactions are termed oxidation-reduction reactions. The first yellow enzyme was discovered by the German biochemist Otto Heinrich Warburg (1883-1970), a pioneer in research on the respiration of cells, who […]
- Yellow fever
“This disease was prevalent in the deep south, not just in the seaports. My grandparents lived through an epidemic of yellow jack in central Mississippi around 1900, and they were a long way from the seacoast.”) Today yellow fever is most common in tropical areas of Africa and the Americas. The virus of yellow fever […]
- Yellow fever vaccination
A live attenuated (weakened) viral vaccine for yellow fever. Yellow fever vaccination is recommended for people traveling to or living in the tropical areas in the Americas and Africa where yellow fever occurs. Because yellow fever vaccination is a live vaccine, it should not be given to infants or people with immune-system problems.