A sex chromosome in certain animals, such as chickens, turkeys, and moths. In humans, males are XY and females XX, but in animals with a Z chromosome, males are ZZ and females are WZ.
- Deinococcus radiodurans
Deinococcus radiodurans: A bacterium that can survives extremely high levels of radiation and therefore has high potential for radioactive waste cleanup. The genome of Deinococcus radiodurans has been sequenced. It is composed of two chromosomes, a megaplasmid, and a small plasmid. The total genome contains 3,284, 156 base pairs. Deinococcus radiodurans is an organism in […]
- Familial lung cancer
Familial lung cancer: Lung cancer that recurs in families. Lung cancer can occur sporadically in people with no known family history of lung cancer or it can occur in two or more members of the same family and constitute familial lung cancer. A gene for familial lung cancer is on the long (q) arm of […]
- Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF)
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF): An inherited disorder featuring short recurring crises of severe abdominal pain and bouts of fever. Other symptoms include arthritis, chest pain from inflammation of the lung cavity, and skin rashes. Between attacks, the patient seems healthy. Amyloidosis (the abnormal deposition of a particular protein, called amyloid, in various tissues of the […]
- Familial Parkinson disease type 1
Familial Parkinson disease type 1: A familial form of Parkinson disease inherited in an autosomal dominant manner due to mutation in the alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA) on chromosome 4q21. Also known as PARK1.