A personal computer company founded in 1976 by Steven Jobs and Steve Wozniak. Throughout the history of personal computing, Apple has been one of the most innovative influences. In fact, some analysts say that the entire evolution of the PC can be viewed as an effort to catch up with the Apple Macintosh.
In addition to inventing new technologies, Apple also has often been the first to bring sophisticated technologies to the personal computer. Apple’s innovations include:
Graphical user interface (GUI). First introduced in 1983 on its Lisa computer. Many components of the Macintosh GUI have become de facto standards and can be found in other operating systems, such as Microsoft Windows.
Color. The Apple II, introduced in 1977, was the first personal computer to offer color monitors.
Built-in networking . In 1985, Apple released a new version of the Macintosh with built-in support for networking (LocalTalk).
Plug & play expansion. In 1987, the Mac II introduced a new expansion bus called NuBus that made it possible to add devices and configure them entirely with software.
QuickTime. In 1991, Apple introduced QuickTime, a multi-platform standard for video, sound, and other multimedia applications.
Integrated television. In 1993, Apple released the Macintosh TV, the first personal computer with built-in television and stereo CD.
RISC. In 1994, Apple introduced the Power Mac, based on the PowerPC RISC microprocessor.
- Apple key
A special key on Macintosh computers labeled with the Apple logo. On all but the oldest Apple computers, the Apple key serves as the Command key.
- Applicability Statement 2
Applicability Statement 2 (AS2) is a specification for data exchange, to perform the task of sending and receiving data via a secure connection. It works as a kind of “envelope,” in which data is embedded, so that it is possible to send it using the HTTP-protocol. It is a quick and direct transfer, without using […]
- Application Infrastructure Provider (AIP)
AIP is short for application infrastructure provider. A hosting provider that offers a full set of infrastructure services for hosting online applications, or more simply, an ASP for ASPs.
- Application Lifecycle Management
Abbreviated as ALM, Application Lifecycle Management refers to the capability to integrate, coordinate and manage the different phases of the software delivery process. From development to deployment, ALM is a set of pre-defined process and tools that include definition, design, development, testing, deployment and management. Throughout the ALM process, each of these steps are closely […]
- Application Session Controller
Abbreviated as ASC, the Application Session Controller network element resides at the application layer and sits between the application layer and the core network to provide and manage connectivity to the evolving telecom network. The ASC incorporates a number of open standard APIs, plus the signaling, media between disparate networks that converged. See session controller.