(n.) A design. The term architecture can refer to either hardware or software, or to a combination of hardware and software. The architecture of a system always defines its broad outlines, and may define precise mechanisms as well.
An open architecture allows the system to be connected easily to devices and programs made by other manufacturers. Open architectures use off-the-shelf components and conform to approved standards. A system with a closed architecture, on the other hand, is one whose design is proprietary, making it difficult to connect the system to other systems.
- architecture of participation
A phrase coined by Tim O’Reilly that is used to describe the nature of systems that are designed for user contribution. Architecture of Participation is a Web 2.0 concept in which a community of users contributes to the content or to the design and development process.
- archival backup
A type of backup in which all files are copied to a backup storage device. Archival backups are also called full backup. Contrast with incremental backups, in which only modified files are copied.
(v.) (1) To copy files to a long-term storage medium for backup. Large computer systems often have two layers of backup, the first of which is a disk drive. Periodically, the computer operator will archive files on the disk to a second storage device, usually a tape drive. On smaller systems, archiving is synonymous with […]
- archived topics
In online forums and other online discussion spaces posts and conversations that are inactive or have been closed to new messages are often archived on the service. Users can still read these messages but they will be unable to reply to them. When using chat services, the closed chat discussions are called transcripts rather than […]
- area chart
A type of presentation graphic that emphasizes a change in values by filling in the portion of the graph beneath the line connecting various data points.